15th Strike Wing was organized and activated as a provisional unit on
26 November 1973, at Sangley Point, Cavite City, with a mission statement:
To conduct counter-insurgency and special warfare operations. The appointed
Acting Wing Commander then was COLONEL EMERITO P SURIO PAF (GSC), with
COLONEL POMPEYO P VASQUEZ PAF (GSC), the Deputy Commander, and a complement
of two officers and ten airmen.
the Wing had six (6) T-34 Mentors and six (6) T-28 Trojans, mostly from
100th Training Wing and 5th Fighter Wing. Ten (10) airmen were sent
to the 410th Air Materiel Wing to undergo maintenance on-the-job training
(OJT), in February 1974. Then, additional personnel were reassigned
to the Wing such that, by the end of the year, the unit had 27 officers
and 288 airmen, who became the nucleus of 15th Strike Wing.
01 July 1974, the 18th Maintenance and Supply Squadron (forerunner of
461st Field Maintenance Squadron), was activated and manned under the
leadership of MAJOR SALVADOR CERENO PAF. A month later, 16th Attack
Squadron was organized in anticipation of the delivery of T-28D aircraft
from Vietnam. This unit was activated and manned on 01 August 1974,
with LT COL SANTIAGO O PITPITAN JR PAF as Squadron Commander. Following
this, the 17th Attack Squadron was activated on 01 October 1974 and
wasprojected to man the SIAI-FRAT-260 Warriors (SF-260W). However,
for several months after the unit’s activation, the squadron only
manned one (1) T-34A Mentor. The first batch of the Italian-made, locally
assembled SF-260W Marchetti aircraft, arrived in late February 1975.
16 October 1974, the fearless 302nd Special Operations Squadron of HPAF
was placed under the command and control of the 15th Strike Wing Commander.
Two days later, the Wing received the first batch of T-28D aircraft,
fresh from the Vietnam War. Trained under CAPTAIN HAMILTON of the US
Air Force and eventually checked out as instructor pilots were: COL
BARROGA, LT COL PITPITAN JR, LT COL SAMSON, LT COL DAVID and MAJ BILLONES.These pilots made a smooth transition to the T-28D, bringing forth a
new generation of PAF pilots – THE ATTACK PILOTS. Conceptualized
mainly to fight insurgency in the country, this new breed of pilots
has come to specialize in Close Air Support and Air Interdiction against
the enemies of the state.
18 February 1975, after training a handful of Combat-Ready Pilots, the
Wing deployed four (4) T-28D aircraft to Edwin Andrews Air Base, Zamboanga
City, in support of SOWESCOM operations. Barely three days later, had
the first air strike in 15th Strike Wing’s history taken place
in Kandiis, Province of Basilan.
On 17 March 1975, three (3) SF-260W aircraft were deployed at the 15th
SWAdvance Command Post at Francisco Bangoy Airport, Davao City. On
15 April of the same year, the SF-260 Marchettis, piloted by Lt Col
Lana and Lt Abaday, wreaked havoc to rebel encampments in Balabagan,
Sapakan and Reina Regente, in Central Mindanao.
acquisition of additional T-28D aircraft from Udorn AFB in Thailand,
another unit, the 25th Attack Squadron, was activated on 29 March 1976.
It was given the task to provide Close Air Support to ground and naval
forces in the newly organized Western Command, which was then under
the concurrent command of the 15th Strike Wing Commander. LT COL TERESO
J ISLETA first commanded the 25th Attack Squadron with 71 officers and
36 enlisted personnel. On 13 April of that year, three (3) aircraft
of the 15th Strike Wing landed at Puerto Princesa. Following this, they
also made a historic landing at Kalayaan.
In May 1976,
the Albatross was transferred to 15th Strike Wing from 530th Air Base
Group in Zamboanga and was employed as a search and rescue aircraft,
thus giving birth to 27th Search, Rescue and Reconnaissance Squadron.
Armed with rockets, the Grumann HU-16 Albatross was utilized as Forward
Air Controller and SAR aircraft with limited close air support capability.
The Wing also had the C-47 Gooney Bird, which was used to ferry personnel,
supplies and equipment, and performed other expeditious missions to
ensure rapid deployment effectiveness of 15th Strike Wing.
the end of the Seventies, the oil prices doubled, thus resulting to
decrease in flying operations. A crippling shortage of spares was felt
in 1979, and a drastic reorganization move was put in place to increase
the operational rate of the assigned aircraft. A provisional unit was
then established to consolidate all support units. This was the 20th
Combat Support Group headed by LT COL NORBERTO P FERRERAS, who was also
the Wing’s Chief of Maintenance.
15th Strike Wing, the 80’s also ushered in major changes. In anticipation
of the AUH-76’s arrival, the 20th Air Commando Squadron was activated
on 01 October 1983. In 1984, PRESIDENT FERDINAND E MARCOS facilitated
the acquisition of Sikorsky AUH-76 helicopters, which the Philippine
Air Force configured as a platform for rockets and machine guns, from
its original design as a VIP passenger aircraft. Two (2) S-70A Blackhawks
also arrived together with the three AUH-76. Two of the AUH-76 helicopters
were configured as rescue helicopters, thus placing the 505th Air Rescue
Squadron of the 205th Helicopter Wing under 15th Strike Wing control,
on 01 April 1984. As an attack helicopter, the AUH-76 saw action not
only in Mindanao but also in the Visayas and Northern Luzon as well.
the arrival of the AUH-76 was thetransfer of the SF-260s, during the
early part of 1983, to 100th Training Wing. Consequently, the 25th Attack
Squadron was unmanned on 01 October 1983.
the political tension that pervadedthecountry after the assassination
of Benigno Aquino Jr., economic instability spelled budgetary cuts for
the government. Maintenance cost increased while some pilots opted to
leave the service to seek for “greener pastures.” Because
of this drain in personnel and equipment, the 17th Attack Squadron was
unmanned on 01 August 1985, leaving the 16th Attack Squadron as the
only tactical squadron under 15th Strike Wing.
finest hour of the 15th Strike Wing came during the 1986 EDSA People
Power Revolution. The Wing Commander, then COLONEL ANTONIO E SOTELO,
led a flight of Sikorskygun ships to join forces with rebel forces
at Camp Crame. The “Sotelo Landing” tilted the balance in
favor of theEnrile-Ramos faction and inspired other military commanders
as well. This eventually led to the end of the 20-year Marcos Regime.
Following this, Corazon Aquino, the widow of Benigno Aquino Jr., assumed
as President of the Republic. Consequently, the military enjoyed renewed
respect and confidence from the populace.
high regard for the military deteriorated as coup d’ etats plagued
the AquinoAdministration. Sangley Point was not spared. In January
1987, Marcos loyalists simultaneously held a so-called “MilitaryExercise” at Villamor Air Base and Sangley Air Base. The purpose
of the coup attempt was to grab the leadership of the command in support
of a plan to overthrow the Aquino Administration. Several officers of
the Wing were held at gunpoint at the Wing Operations Center or were
held hostage elsewhere. However, the coup attempt was not successful
because majority of the officers and men of the Wing remained loyal
to the constitution. Before the end of the day, command and control
of the Wing had been restored.
28 August 1987, another attempt to overthrow the Aquino Government was
mounted. Again, 15th Strike Wing stood its ground to protect our national
interests and integrity. At the height of the tension, at the time when
rebel forces had control over TV 13 and GHQ building, two T-28Ds took
off from Sangley Point and proceeded to Balara Relay Station and released
deadly warnings at the vicinity of the area occupied by rebel soldiers.
Then, later in the afternoon, the Tora-Toras struck with precision identified
targets at Camp Aguinaldo. These events eventually led the rebels to
raise the white flag, thus ending the coup attempt.
December 1989, 15th Strike Wing was one of the focal points of another
coup attempt, which turned out to be the bloodiest. On 30 November 1989,
coup plotters began occupying the Sangley Air Base, which was considered
as their ace. By midnight, all aircraft were already under the control
of the rebel soldiers. Other base facilities and vital installations
also fell into their hands. By early morning of December 1st, rebel
pilots were already set to launch air strikes. In the first seven days
of December, T-28Ds piloted by rebel pilots strafed Malacañang
Palace grounds; they were in control of the skies.
With Sangley Air Base under their control, the rebels had the upper
hand. The government, on the other hand, realized the implications of
this situation; so, 5th Fighter Wing was tasked to conduct persuasion
flights. By the following morning, a flight of F-5 Freedom Fighters
led by MAJOR DANILO S ATIENZA, performed a persuasion flight over Sangley
Air Base. But because the rebels were firm on holding their ground,
the F-5 pilots were later directed to retake Sangley at all costs. And
so air strikes were conducted, inflicting heavy damage on aircraft and
facilities controlled by the enemy. Unfortunately, Major Atienza crashed
after flames from the explosion of a fuel depot engulfed his F-5, killing
him in the process. More than two years later, on 05 May 1992, the airfield
of Sangley was renamed Major Danilo S Atienza Airfield pursuant to Republic
Act 7429 in recognition of his gallantry and intrepidity.
most drastic change in Sangley was the merging of the 240th Composite
Wing and the 15th Strike Wing, in 1987. The 240th Composite Wing was
unmanned on 16 January 1987; subsequently, on 24 February 1987, Sangley
Air Base was recognized as a single-wing base. 15th Strike Wing then
absorbed 240th CW and, from then on, functioned both as a tactical unit
and as a base keeper of Sangley Air Base. Due to the increase in manpower
and equipment that was brought upon by the merging of the two units,
the 505th Air Rescue Squadron was transferred to the 205th Helicopter
Wing on 16 July 1987.
occurred in 15th Strike Wing even towards the end of the decade. On
15 July1990, 17th Air Commando Squadron and the 25th Air Commando Training
Squadron were re-manned. The 601st Liaison Squadron, the only squadron
from the 240th CW to have survived the merger with 15th SW, was unmanned
on the same date.
right mix of aircraft was realized in the early 90’s. It began
when the AFP Weapons Board approved the order for the delivery of MD-520MG
Defender attack helicopters in April 1990. Equipped with .50-caliber
machine guns and seven-tube rocket launchers, the MGs, as they are fondly
called, were expected to boost the effectiveness of counter-insurgency
operations. This development prompted the activation of another unit
– the 18th Tactical Air Support Squadron, on 02 May 1990, with
MAJOR ALFREDO UBUNGEN as its first commander. In line with this, five
(5) officers and eight (8) enlisted personnel were sent to Arizona,
USA, for training. On 01 October 1990, the first four MGs landed at
Sangley Air Base. Immediately, pilot training was conducted, which was
completed within a few months. On 16 February 1991, the MGs performed
their first air strike in support of government troops operating against
NPA rebels in Abra.
1991, only few T-28s were on full mission capable status. Through the
Foreign Military Sales, the US Government agreed to sell twenty-four
(24) OV-10A Broncos to the AFP. On 12 November 1991, a simple turnover
ceremony was held at Villamor Air Base for the first five Broncos. A
week after, Bronco pilots arrived from a four-month transition training
at Shaw Air Force Base, South Carolina, USA.
Broncos were assigned to 16th Attack Squadron, while the remaining T-28s
were transferred to 17th Attack Squadron. The T-28s, after so many years
in service with the PAF as attack aircraft engaged mainly in counter-insurgency
operations, were retired from the service as more and more OV-10s arrived.
Subsequently, the 17th Attack Squadron was also given the task to fly
and maintain the OV-10s. Also, on 11 February 1992, the Wing’s
two BN Islanders were turned over to the 220th Airlift Wing.
the last quarter of 1994, the last five MD-520MGs arrived at Sangley
Air Base, completing the 32-aircraft order of the Philippine Government.
The five MGs were then assigned to the 20th Assault Squadron (renamed
from 20th Air Commando Squadron), in preparation for the unit’s
re-fleeting with an all-MG fleet.
April 1996, the remaining S-76s were transferred to the 505th Search
and Rescue Squadron of the 205th Tactical Operations Wing. This was
the initial move in connection with the upgrading of the squadron to
the 505th Search and Rescue Group. Since then, the 20th AS has been
maintaining an all-MG fleet. And, recently, the 18th and 20th Assault
Squadrons were renamed 18th and 20th Attack Squadrons, respectively,
pursuant to GO #163, dated 28 April 2003.
significant development in 15th Strike Wing was the re-manning of the
17th Attack Squadron. Deactivated in March 1998 due to dwindling air
assets, the 17th Attack Squadron was again reactivated on 16 July 2001,
but this time with a fleet of reconfigured SF-260TPs.
development proved to be timely because,just a few months after the
squadron’s reactivation, the “new” Jaguars flew and
unleashed an overwhelming display of air power against the Misuari Renegade
Group in Zamboanga City, on 27 November 2001. This baptism of fire marked
the resurgence of the Jaguars as a formidable and decisive force in
the government’s campaign against insurgency.
reinforce the “fighting power” of the Philippine Air Force
in the south, LTGEN JOSE L REYES AFP CGPAF, then Wing Commander of the
15th Strike Wing, thought of waking up the sleeping fox and transform
it as a keen guardian of Mindanao. Thus, on 19 July 2004, the 25th Attack
Squadron popularly known as the “LOBOS”, was re-manned into
25th Composite Attack Squadron based at 3rd Tactical Operations Wing,
Edwin Andrews Air Base, Zamboanga City. This unit is envisioned to manage,
operate and maintain the Wing’s assets in Mindanao such as the
OV-10 Bronco, MD-520 MG and SF-260 TP aircraft. Thirty-four (34) able
officers and enlisted personnel composed the newly re-manned 25th CAS,
called to professionalism and dedication to guard the nation’s
peace and sovereignty against lawless elements down south.
In 2008, the fight against the Lawless Elements of the MILF in Central Mindanao and the Lanao provinces intensified which led to a series of Air Strikes spearheaded by Operation Lightning Sword. With this, air assets of the 15th Strike Wing Deployed at Mindanao such as the OV-10 Bronco, SF 260TP Warrior and the MD-520 MG Defender relentlessly displayed overwhelming airpower towards the enemy bringing the war in favor of the government.
Thus, on 28 September 2010, after six (6)years as the keen Guardian of Mindanao, the 25th CAS “LOBOS” under MAJ ARNOLD P TAPIA as the Squadron Commander, was deactivated due to the lack of aircraft possessed by the Wing.
For thirty eight (38) years, the 15th Strike Wing received numerous awards through the cumulative effort of its personnel that gave distinction to this unit. With this, 15th Strike Wing had been the recipient of the Commanding General, Philippine Air Force Streamer – Model Unit of the Year for twelve (12) challenging years: 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, and 2009.
Above all these recent awards, the 15th Strike Wing also holds five (5) presidential streamers for the years: 1975, 1978, 1984, 1993, and 1994. The Wing also holds the distinction of being the overall champion in the 1st Philippine Air Force Top Gun Competition and the PAF Search and Rescue Competition.
In 2010, 20th Attack Squadron was the recipient of the CGPAF Streamer Award - Tactical Squadron of the year. Likewise, in the previous years: 1997 and 1998 the 16th Attack Squadron was also the recipient of the PAF Squadron of the Year, while 18th Attack Squadron was bestowed with the same honor for the years: 1999, 2000, 2006, and 2008. Further, 590th Air Base Group had been adjudged as the Philippine Air Force Support Group for the years: 1996, 1997, 1998 and 2003.
the years, the 15th Strike Wing has evolved in response to the changing
needs of our times but it has consistently given and delivered the best
service there is; anytime and anywhere across the archipelago.